Walleye are freshwater fish native to Canada and  North America Lakes.  Walleyes actually show a lot of variation across watersheds.  Much of the variation is how much it has been grown and transplanted into hundreds if not thousands of different lakes across Canada and the US.  

The name, "walleye", comes from how the fish looks with their eyes pointing outward and as if looking at walls.  Walleye see very well in low light conditions and nighttime because of how they eyes are situated, which would explain why fishing for Walleye is very good in low light conditions and nighttime.  With this enhanced vision in low light and muddy waters walleye are extremely proficient predator fish.  When the water warms up during the hotter months walleye tend to go very deep in lakes, but continue to feed very well and are catchable year around for this reason.  Since walleye have excellent vision in low light the majority of active feeding occurs at dawn and dusk, cloudy an dvercast days and especially under high wind when the water is extremely choppy due to low light penetration into the depths.

Walleyes grow to very good lengths, 30 inch walleye are not uncommon at all and larger record walleye grow to 42” and up.  The life span of Walleye can be several decades with reports of the oldest recorded living fish to be approaching 30 years. However due to how much fishing pressure walleye receive they rarely get over 6-7 years old here in the lower 48; who can blame us though, they are a blast to catch and incredible to cook for dinner!!

Walleye are cought both for sport and for the dinner table often.  There are even commercial walleye fisheries in Canada and Great Lakes they net and sell them to consumers.

The walleye is the state fish of Minnesota and South Dakota.[9] It is very popular in Minnesota and other Northern States.  Minnesota claims to be the “Walleye Fishing Capital of the World" and it’s hard to argue that claim.

Food Source

Walleye main diet source comes from small fish such as minnows, shad, and perch. They also are often caught on night crawler, grubs, leeches, snails, crawfish, insects, small and larval salamanders.

Growth Patterns

Walleye normally reach around 2lbs in 6-8 years in the north and half that in the south.

WALLEYE HABITAT

Early Spring thru Spawning

  • Gravel shorelines at upper end of lake (spawning sites)
  • Upper end of river channel (pre-spawn)
  • Deep holes in streams (pre-spawn)
  • Inlet streams with gravel/rock bottoms.
  • Riprap shores.
  • Note, Walleye are especially hard to catch on the spawn, pre and post are great times to fish. Some say night fishing with rattle traps at the rip rap are good way to catch if they are in the spawning stages.


Late Spring

  • Edges of timbered flats at creek channels.
  • Shallow gravel points near creeks.
  • Mud flats.


Summer thru Fall

  • Main lake points near deep water especially with brush or trees.
  • Large humps near deep water.
  • Timbered deep flats.
  • Rocky main lake points.
  • Shallow shelves with immediate deep water relief...
  • Break lines with gradual deep water access.
  • Weedy humps


Late Fall and Winter

  • Steep points with timber or rock near river channel.
  • Deep holes in main lake.
  • Sharp sloping banks, bluffs, creek channels.

 

Walleye Water Temperatures

Walleye typically will start to move to spawning when the water starts reaching the upper 40\'s and spawn is in full swing when the water temperature start to reach around 49deg. Walleye prefer much cooler water temperatures than most other game fish are generally the most active when the water temperature is between 58deg and 71deg. Above 75deg, the activity starts to decrease. In late fall when the water temp dips below 40 the activity falls off. Then things are on again in the dead of winter when the lakes are frozen, time to get our the ice augers.